Posted by: empoweryourlife | November 10, 2008

cognitive behavioural therapy

Cognitive Behavioural TherapyCognitive behavioural therapy (or cognitive behaviour therapy, CBT) is an umbrella-term for goal-oriented psychotherapeutic systems that aim to influence problematic emotions, behaviours and cognitions. CBT can be seen as a general term for many different therapies that share some common elements and theoretical underpinnings.

CBT is an empirically based, cost-effective psychotherapy for many psychological problems. It is used in individual therapy as well as group settings, and the techniques are also commonly adapted for self-help manuals and, increasingly, for self-help software packages. Some CBT therapies are more oriented towards cognitive interventions, and some are more behaviourally aligned.

One of the objectives of CBT typically is to identify and monitor thoughts, assumptions, beliefs and behaviours that are related and accompanied to debilitating negative emotions and to identify those which are dysfunctional, inaccurate, or simply unhelpful. This is done in an effort to replace or transcend them with more realistic and useful ones. CBT was primarily developed out of behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy and rational emotive behaviour therapy and has become widely used to treat various kinds of psychopathology, including mood disorders and anxiety disorders and has many clinical and non-clinical applications.

CBT has proven in scientific studies to be effective for a wide variety of problems, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse disorders, and psychotic disorders. It has been clinically demonstrated in over 400 studies to be effective for many psychiatric disorders and medical problems for both children and adolescents.

It has been recommended in the UK by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence as a treatment of choice for a number of mental health difficulties, including post-traumatic stress disorder, OCD bulimia nervosa and clinical depression. There is good evidence for CBT’s effectiveness in reducing symptoms and preventing relapse.

Cognitive behavioural therapy most closely allies with the scientist–practitioner model, in which clinical practice and research is informed by a scientific perspective, clear operationalization of the problem, an emphasis on measurement (and measurable changes in cognition and behaviour) and measurable goal-attainment.

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